_The course, after giving a concise background information on the establishment of modern Europe due to the developments such as Humanism, renaissance, reformation and enlightenment and the establishment of National Monarchies in Europe, focuses mainly on the historical process initiated by the French Revolution in 1789. The modern European political system based on the nation-states, the political and military competition among the big powers, nationalism, colonialism and imperialism and their impact of the outbreak of the First World War, the causes of the Second World War, are the main focus points of this lesson.