The main aim of the course is to teach basic definitions, concepts and principles of plant breeding. Students are introduced to different aspects and characteristics of breeding. They are informed about the history and current challenges in plant breeding. Topics covered include: evolution, purposes of breeding, creation of variation, flower biology and fertilization techniques. Plant propagation methods (conventional and modern methods), breeding methods for self-cross pollinated plants are explained. Students are informed about mechanisms in plants that promote self (mechanisms for autogamy) and cross-pollination or outcrossing and asexual plant propagations. Methods of plant breeding (Selection, cross breeding), emasculation process, genetic basis of autogamy and allogamy, Hardy-Weinberg equation, components of genetic variance, heterosis and hybrid breeding, mutation and polyploidy breeding are explained to students.