Translation is a fundamental human activity; literary translation forms the basis of most readers' acquaintance with world literature. This course will combine theory and practice to approach translation in its full complexity as both an art and a science. In reading, discussion and practice we will draw on the points of view of creative writing, linguistics, and literary theory. The translator adequate background information, including technical terms that have been used previously, and any earlier correspondence or other documents relating to the matter. The same concept applies to screen shots. Unless you translate your software first and provide new screen shots, the English copy locked within your graphics cannot be accessed for translation.