The course provides a more in-depth treatment of analytical fluid mechanics (AFD) than is possible at the level of the first course. The first part of AFD is devoted to basic concepts, integral and differential equations of fluid motion, boundary conditions, exact solutions, inviscid approximations, and dimensional analysis and similarity. The second part of AFD is concerned with the theory of incompressible laminar and turbulent viscous and inviscid flows with selected applications. Internal and external flows: laminar and turbulent viscous flow in circular and non-circular ducts; duct systems and losses; laminar and turbulent boundary layers; lift and drag; free shear flows, and potential flow theory.

This moodle page will be used for Energy Systems Engineering Department related submissions of the graduate students.

Energy-Past, Present & Future

This course introduces the basic concepts of optimization and optimization systems. Students learn how to formulate typical optimization problems, especially in the energy field. The course starts with a detailed introduction to optimization, and continues with the modeling, objective functions, maxima and minima, necessary and sufficient conditions for an unconstrained minimum. One dimensional and multidimensional optimization methods are also wihtin the scope of this course.

This course analyzes three different heat transfer methods; conduction, convection and radiation in advanced level. In addition, mass transfer boiling and condensation are also examined.


This course aims to develop an understanding of economic principles and apply them to current energy system issues. Main topics covered include investment, pricing and sustainability. The course addresses the importance of EU in energy trading and the economic principles of different market situations.

The course content includes the analysis and modelling of energy systems. It will help students to understand the science behind the energy generation systems and their working principles. The main topics of discussion will be of advanced energy generation systems such as power generation systems. The discussion will also include gas cycles, including the Brayton cycle as well as the vapour compression refrigeration cycles, vapour absorption refrigeration cycles. It further includes the economics of power cycles, fuels and combustion (solid fuels, liquid fuels, and gas fuels), steam generators, steam turbines (single stage, multi-stage, tandem and compound etc.). The contents mentioned above will be analyzed for their perspective of first and second laws of thermodynamics.

Starting with the fundamental principles of a three-phase electric power system, this course considers such matters as power and reactive power flows, load flow calculations, symmetrical and unsymmetrical fault conditions and network harmonics and the impact of embedded generation on the local distribution network. Later, the students will be introduced to the principles of power system economics.

The course will also cover the following subjects; protection systems overview; protective devices; coordination and sequencing of relays; grounding practices; impedance protection. Methods of power systems operation and control; load-frequency control, automatic generation control. Modeling power system protection and control using power system analysis software, emphasizing renewable resources.

The aim of this module is to cover the electric power production by solar energy using photovoltaic applications and thermal applications. The designs of the photovoltaic systems are discussed along with advanced solar thermal applications. Recent projects; completed and started, will be analysed and discussed with reference to cost, conversion efficiency, maintenance, storage and/or back-up options.

Techno-economical Analysis of Energy Applications